Germany’s roughly 30,000 wind turbines (WT) currently produce a good 50,000 megawatts of electricity for households and companies. The expansion of wind energy both onshore and offshore is helping determine the pace and success of the shift in energy policy introduced at the beginning of the decade – a move away from nuclear power (NPP) towards renewable energies and reduced energy consumption.
For installers and operators, profitability and efficiency are of paramount importance when it comes to site preparation, installation, operation and the maintenance of wind turbines. These factors determine the level of investment and operating costs (CAPEX/OPEX) – and ultimately determine the economic impact a wind power plant can provide. Plants which are down produce no energy, receive no feed-in tariffs, and leave their potential to generate revenue untapped.
With its innovative connection technology, the HARTING Technology Group is accompanying the transformation under way in the energy sector. Harting’s product portfolio ranges from single components through complete customer-specific solutions and digitisation strategies. The company’s offerings also include consulting and services, thus providing the basis for long-term, lucrative and secure investments in this sector.
As the world’s leading manufacturer of industrial connectors, HARTING has decades of experience in the development and use of connectors for an extremely wide variety of applications and challenges. WT are subjected to extraordinary stresses both onshore and offshore due to the particularities of the respective location, climate, corrosion and other environmental influences. Creating the foundation for maximum value retention of these systems takes optimal reliability, the best materials, high mechanical robustness of the components that are used, rapid assembly, optimal maintenance cycles and servicing that is simple to perform.
HARTING connectors help reduce the costs of erecting and operating wind turbines. Modular wind turbines are characterised by flexibility of design and rapid component switch-out. Connectors significantly increase the modularity of these facilities – and more and more wind turbines are being designed accordingly.
The pre-assembly of individual units makes the modular concept possible. Components are quickly and easily joined together only at the final location of the WT.
HARTING connectors are characterised by a number of advantages: using connectors to bridge WT modules can limit the monetary and personnel costs accrued during installation and operation of wind turbines. A good example is connectors at the interface between the slip ring body and stationary nacelle. The slip ring is used to e.g. transmit the signals for the pitch systems that determine the angle of incidence of the rotor blades. A pluggable design – for example Han-Modular® contact inserts and the Han-Modular® hinged frame – offers many advantages over permanently attached wiring.
The slip ring can be replaced more quickly, thereby reducing downtimes and minimising revenue loss. In addition, if servicing is required,
the slip ring can be replaced without intervention in the pitch system and without dismantling the connecting cables.
The drives for rotor blade adjustment, blade heating, lighting systems and yawing, as well as the generator brakes, can also be connected simply. Complex wiring is no longer required. In the event of maintenance, worn parts can be quickly and easily replaced in Plug & Play fashion. Connectors also facilitate the work of the assemblers, which sometimes need to install components in difficult-to-reach angles on the gondola and tower.
Many types of WT employ a gearbox to tune the speed and torque between the rotor and the generator and thus optimise efficiency. Connectors speed up installation here as well: pre-assembled cables and connectors with a high degree of protection, e.g. the Han® Eco, Han® HPR or Han® M quickly make the necessary connections between the gear units.
Using HARTING connectors also offers advantages for tower lighting. The energy bus elements for the lighting can be pre-installed in the tower segments. At the construction site, fitters only need put the segments together. Electricians do not necessarily need to be used for this activity.
Connectors also simplify the handling of the interior areas of WT power cabinets. Instead of the usual fixed wiring, we recommend plug-in solutions from the HARTING series Han® B, Han® Eco, Han® Com, Han® E and Han Modular®.
In all scenarios, using plug-in connectors provides convincing proof to users in the form of a reduction in costs and time expenditure. Connectors speed up installation and increase the modularity of a wind turbine, reduce investment and operating costs, and provide options for the optimisation and modularisation of the power cabinets. In addition, without a modular design the on-site logistics of onshore plants with an average output of 3.3 MW – including connectors – would quickly reach their limits. As a rule, the cost associated with the use of plug-in connectors is usually amortised within just a few years in the form of cost and time savings.
In addition, HARTING produces LED lighting systems as turnkey system solutions with pluggable device connection, pre-assembled cables, distribution units and, if required, uninterrupted power supply. Lights can be sited in a plant in such a way that their total number remains low and energy costs decrease.
HARTING also offers high-precision current transformers for metering for WT which can be used to connect display devices such as current meters and voltage meters. On request, HARTING can also have its current transformers for metering specially calibrated by a state-approved body in order to further boost the precision of a metering and billing process that employs the devices.
With its innovative products and solutions, the HARTING Technology Group is a partner to the wind industry and is contributing to the energy transformation. HARTING researches and produces – partly autonomously, partly in cooperation with wind turbine manufacturers – concepts, components and customised offers for the specific requirements of wind turbines on land and at sea. The company focuses heavily on connector solutions for the increasing digitisation of plants, among other in the areas of fiber optics and sensor technology.