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Creating Jobs Through Apparel Exports

Dr. Roopak Vasishtha | CEO, Apparel Made-ups & Home Furnishing Sector Skill Council

Apparel The Textile and Apparel Industry (T&A) is one of the oldest industries in India that has seen massive progress over the years.  The Indian Textile and Apparel Industry accounts for about 4 percent of the textile and apparel market available worldwide. The T&A Industry significantly contributes to the Indian economy in terms of domestic share, foreign exchange earnings, export earnings, and employment. This industry contributes around 7 percent to industrial output in terms of value, 2 percent to the GDP and 15 percent to export earnings of the country. Also, the sector is known for the largest source of employment generation after agriculture, employing over 45 million people directly and 60 million people indirectly.

The rapid growth of international trade boosted by government support of this growth has generated enormous opportunities for qualified and skilled professionals to administer export processes. Generally, export executives are inducted in global firms in various strategic functions such as pricing, sourcing, costing, export market research, distribution, freight marketing, export finance, documentation, and foreign exchange.

Export related Future Prospects

Every country that has grown rapidly has been a successful exporter. Generating the formal and productive employment in India is the need of the hour. Large chunk of investments in prospective and promising sectors of the economy would expand production possibility frontiers and generate employment. The apparel sector is one of the promising and prospective sectors of the Indian economy, considered as an excellent vehicle for an employment creation strategy with strong macroeconomic impact. Approval to a number of measures to boost the textile sector is therefore a significant policy breakthrough. It can be used as an opportunity to promote apparel exports. The opportunity is still there, because Chinese exporters face the threat of US tariff hikes (not yet applied to garments), rising costs, and wafer-thin margins.

How export is growing?

The Indian Apparel industry is extremely diverse having the capacity of producing a wide range of products that are apt to different market segments within the country and beyond it. The market size of textile and Apparel industry is currently estimated at around 150 billion USD. India is considered the world’s second-largest exporter of textiles and apparel. India’s share in the global trade of apparel and textiles was about 5 percent in 2017. If we look up in 2019, then the total textile and apparel export is estimated at 20 billion USD. The future of India’s textile exports looks very positive which is expected to increase considerably in the coming years. By 2022, the market size of Indian apparel and textile exports is expected to reach 82 billion USD with a CAGR of 12.06 percent.

Key Markets for Indian Apparel Export –

India is the largest producer of jute and cotton and the second-largest producer of silk. The abundant availability of raw materials and the low labour costs are the reasons why Indian textiles are in high demand outside India. The cost of manufacturing textiles and apparel is considerably lower than many other developed countries. Here are the key market drivers for Indian Apparel Exports:

  1. The US
  2. European Union – Europe, Germany, France, etc
  3. Parts of Asia – Russia, Afghanistan, Indonesia, Vietnam, Oman, etc
  4. Middle East – Turkey, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, UAE, etc 

Apparel Export Opportunities and Skilling in this Sector 

Given the huge Apparel export opportunities beyond India, it would be fair to say there is a lot of potential for a career in export in this sector. The government’s Skill India mission has transformed the lives of so many people through its various initiatives like Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY), National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme (NAPS) and Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs).

To create occupational standards and develop the competency framework in the apparel sector, Apparel Made-ups and Home-Furnishing Sector Skill Council (AMHSSC) has been set up under MSDE. The council provides training to the candidates in its approved job roles via its affiliated training partners present across India and prepare them as per industry requirements.

Therefore if you are looking forward to making your career in the apparel export sector, then listed below are few job-oriented courses designed by AMHSSC keeping in mind the export opportunities for candidates. They are:

  1. Export Manager – An export manager is the one who manages the entire process of international shipment of goods. They have to analyze foreign trade logistics, manage shipment related documents and ensure shipping compliance.

Personal Attributes – He must have sound knowledge of Indian and Foreign trade policies and operations to make sure effective management of the export business.

Duration of the course – 360 Hrs.

Minimum Educational Qualification – The minimum educational qualification required for this job role is preferably a Master’s degree in the apparel field.

Minimum Job Entry Age – 18 years

From where can students do the course of Export Manager?

The training can be done from the various training centres where the trainings of this jobrole are conducted by training partners affiliated with Apparel, Made-ups and Home Furnishing Sector Skill Council.

Work Experience – The person should have preferably 1 – 2 years of work experience in the export department.

Job Opportunities – To work as an Export Manager in Export Houses

Salary Package – approx. 35,000/- to 45000/- per month

  1. Export Executive – An Export Executive plans and coordinates the international shipment of goods. During their course of work, the person may negotiate with shippers, agents, and vendors. While dealing with customers/buyers, they are expected to have very good customer service skills.

Personal Attributes – An individual should have good knowledge of Indian and Foreign trade policies and operations to guarantee effective management of the export business. He must have strong communication skills too.

Duration of the course – 270Hrs

Minimum Educational Qualification – The minimum educational qualification required for this job role is graduate, preferably.

Minimum Job Entry Age – 18 years

From where can students do the course of Export Executive?

The training can be done from the various training centres where the trainings of this job role are conducted by training partners affiliated with Apparel, Made-ups and Home Furnishing Sector Skill Council.

Work Experience – The individual should have preferably 1 – 2 years of work experience in the export department.

Job Opportunities – The person can work as an Export Executive in Export Houses

Salary Package – approx. Rs.20,000/- to 25000/- per month 

  1. Export Assistant – An Export Assistant is the person who manages the overall processes in the export department of a company, which includes management of all shipment related documents, interpret export financing methods & terms of payment, comprehend the foreign trade procedures and practices and handle the central excise/ customs clearance.

Personal Attributes – He/she should have the ability to take independent decisions for his/her area of work. He/she must follow accurately defined procedures and have high-quality attention to detail.

Duration of the course –  270 Hrs.

Minimum Educational Qualification – The minimum educational qualification required for this job role is 12th standard, preferably.

Minimum Job Entry Age – 18 years

From where can students do the course of Export Assistant?

The training can be done from the various training centres where the trainings of this job role are conducted by training partners affiliated with Apparel, Made-ups and Home Furnishing Sector Skill Council.

Work Experience – The individual should have preferably 1 – 2 years of work experience in the export department.

Job Opportunities – The person can work as an Export Assistant in an Export House

Salary Package – approx.  Rs12,000/- to 15000/- per month

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Niloy Banerjee

A generic movie-buff, passionate and professional with print journalism, serving editorial verticals on Technical and B2B segments, crude rover and writer on business happenings, spare time playing physical and digital forms of games; a love with philosophy is perennial as trying to archive pebbles from the ocean of literature. Lastly, a connoisseur in making and eating palatable cuisines.

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