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New Nitride Semiconductors Vows Future’s Optical and Electronic Applications

Searching new semiconductor materials has been vigorously growing for some time, with more sophisticated electronic devices, the demand for semiconductors with diverse range of properties is on the edge. Paving the path for both optical and electronic applications, successful fabrication of nitride is the next cusp as it’s said to emit red light while using high-pressure synthesis.

Figure 1. Predictions
Figure 1. Predictions on the stability and crystal structure of CaZn2N2. Left: Ca–Zn–N ternary phase diagram. Right: Crystal structure of CaZn2N2. Only the Zn–N bonds are illustrated for easy visualization. Credit: Tokyo Institute of Technology

Fumiyasu Oba and colleagues at Tokyo Institute of Technology and Kyoto University have used calculations to screen a set of compounds for potential semiconductor candidates. The study identified 11 previously unreported materials, including the particularly promising compound calcium zinc nitride (CaZn2N2).

The researchers limit their study to nitrides because they tend to be chemically stable and can be readily made with existing techniques.

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