Constant scientific research in the electronics field led to the evolution of multiple electronics gadgets in twentieth century and this growth continued its path towards the twenty-first century as the size and functions of these electronics gadgets go smaller in size that led us to explore Scope of Nanoelectronics with increased capabilities.
As the size of devices like mobile phones and laptops tend to go smaller with time, either for convenience or for market demand, scientists had to devise new methods and materials to allow this change while undergoing intensive trial and error processes.
As a result, physics becomes an important aspect for modeling and understanding how these devices operate and what could be done to magnify their efficiency with decreased size.
You must have noticed the repetitive emphasis these scientists deployed on size time and again which led to the origin of a new technology field under the name of Nanotechnology.
Gaining immense popularity and intrigue of consumers from the get-go, Nanotechnology showed immense adaptability and scope from the start as it entered the electronics field, hence giving rise to a new field with limitless Scope of Nanoelectronics.
Before diving further into the boundless Scope of Nanoelectronics and its future applications, let’s understand what Nanoelectronics is all about.
What is Nanoelectronics and Why is it Needed?
What: As the miniaturization of conventional electronics devices picked its pace in the last few years, scientists extend their reach in the nanometer scale that led to the origin of nanoelectronics which is slowly becoming an undeniable reality in today’s applications.
But, let’s check out what does the word, Nano entails in Nano-electronics.
The word Nano comes from the simple metric systems that imply the size or length of an item in the power of tens, so here nano means 10-9 meters.
And therefore, Nanotechnology is defined as the study of structures having a size between 1 to 100 nanometers.
In simple words, Nanoelectronics refers to that specific field of nanotechnology which allows the integration of purely electronic devices, electronic chips and circuits in nano size.
Here, the digital systems are combined with analog or RF circuits and this form of technology fusion can be described as the ‘More than Moore’ domain of development.
Why: Moving forward to the much-anticipated question of why do we feel the need to understand the Scope of Nanoelectronics in the huge mix of semiconductor chips, let’s do a short rewind about the scenario and challenges our chip designers and scientists faced while working in the industry.
As the famous saying goes, ‘We can satisfy one need but can never satisfy one’s greed’, so as the consumers started demanding more advanced and smaller digital devices as time went on, boosting the performance of the device along with its miniaturization created sea of issues as new challenges arose due to limited current lithography techniques.
Other issues included quantum mechanical tunneling of electrons from source to drain, non-uniformity of doping and leakage of electrons through its gate oxide that put a hamper on scaling down of these electronic devices.
Heat dissipation, as well as capacitive coupling between circuit components, also became a source of worry as scientists tried to decrease the size of these components.
To deal with these intrinsic technical limitations, scientists tried their luck in a new field with better Scope of Nanoelectronics.
Scope of Nanoelectronics encompasses techniques that use “nano” through the study of nano-materials, nano-devices as well as nano-circuits to achieve better performance specs for various electronic applications.
Benefits in Exploring Scope of Nanoelectronics
Nanotechnology once merged with electronics can greatly improve the capabilities of electronic components which include,
- Scope of Nanoelectronics entails reduced size of transistors in integrated circuits.
- The development of a new type of memory chip having a density of one terabyte of memory per square inch is also under the way that will increase the density of memory chips.
- Scope of Nanoelectronics includes better display screens on electronics devices that will reduce power consumption as well as weight and thickness of the screens.
- Scope of Nanoelectronics also cover methods to bypass traditional scaling limits in standard CMOS technology under the name ‘Beyond CMOS’ domain of development.
Always ahead on the uptake, North America and Europe region currently hold the largest market of global Nanoelectronics.
This is due to the high adoption of Nano Materials to improve Nanoparticles services.
As the researchers are now entering a new domain for designing and making logic circuits by integrating photosensitive organic molecules into tiny particles of semiconductor material called quantum dots, the Scope of Nanoelectronics reaches the sky.