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Understanding IOT Applications & IOT Architecture for 2019

IoT (Internet of Things) has found many descriptions since its evolution. Today, connected things are norm and people and researchers still profoundly interested in apprehending IoT or say, Internet of Things. IoT (Internet of Things) is an endless access to devices connected to the Internet. Or say, IoT extends the power of internet beyond computers and takes it down to everything and everywhere of modern society. IoT (Internet of Things) empowers people to stay connected and be more informed churning new business opportunities in today’s time.

In simple words, IoT or Internet of Things is bundling all devices together giving them the power of internet and help them interact in real world.

IoT Projects

Internet of Things (IoT) has endless applications to what we have found today. From homes to industries Internet of Things (IoT) spins over automation, energy efficient systems, smart devices etc. Reports states that there will be 50 Billion devices connected with IoT by 2020. But understanding IoT or say learning IoT is not that joyful, it has its own complexities, standards and procedures.

Below We List Down Top Five(5) Interesting IoT Projects which can Help in Jump-Start Design:

  1. IoT to Enhance Parking and Traffic: Click Here
  1. Microchip AVR MCU Development Board with Google Cloud for One-Click IoT Prototying – Click Here 
  1. DIY With element14 IoT Hub – Click Here 
  1. New IoT Development Board from Digi-Key, SparkFun and Cypress to Prototype Sensor-to-Cloud Solutions Quickly and Easily – Click Here
  1. ON Semi RSL10 Multi-Sensor Platform with Solar Cell To Help Design Communication Systems – Click Here 

To suggest the best way to learn IoT is by building projects and learning while doing it. To be an expert one can also join online IoT project programs understanding variable IoT projects and also few courses on exciting new IoT Projects. You can just right-away build some simple IoT projects that set a right platform for you to be just professional on current IoT projects.

What is IoT?

Giving a straight and simple example of IoT, while running you can map you steps and keep track of your heart beat in a wearable or say smart watch, finally when you’re soared tired you stop to check it the same on your smartphone, the data is real-time, precise, valuable and interactive – define this as IoT. Stating further ‘What is IoT’ is the power of internet and of being staying connected no matter in which corner one is with an internet connection. Still confused? Let me explain for people of this world. Go visit an industry plant, where now in common you can see one device or maybe multiple devices remotely is operating big machines giving the power of automation in hands. That’s the power of IoT, IoT can also be said as the substructure of Industry 4.0, Digital transformation, automation etc.  To know more about IoT and What is IoT, my guidebook on IoT can help you, don’t forget to check it out here.

IoT Applications   

After giving a clear idea about Internet of Things(IoT), let’s dive into the world of IoT Applications. As you might have read above and be allured by its potential you will further be amazed by understanding IoT applications. Being boundless in nature being the root of internet today IoT applications are today everywhere. The figure below will you give an overview before we further dive into ahead IoT applications.

IoT Applications
Source: ResearchGate

A survey conducted by KRC Reserach in UK, US, Japan and Germany the early adopters of IOT has revealed which devices are the customers more likely to use in the coming years. Smart Appliances like thermostat, smart refrigerator to name a few are most liked by the customers and are seem to change the way we operate.

GSMA Report
GSMA Report

Further famous and Gripping IoT Applications are as Follows:

  1. Smart Parking: Monitoring of parking spaces availability in the city.
  2. Structural health : Monitoring of vibrations and material conditions in buildings, bridges and historical monuments.Noise Urban Maps: Sound monitoring in bar areas and centric zones in real time.
  3. Smartphone Detection : Detect iPhone and Android devices and in general any device which works with WiFi or Bluetooth interfaces.
  4. Eletromagnetic Field Levels : Measurement of the energy radiated by cell stations and and WiFi routers.
  5. Traffic Congestion: Monitoring of vehicles and pedestrian levels to optimize driving and walking routes.
  6. Smart Lighting: Intelligent and weather adaptive lighting in street lights.
  7. Waste Management: Detection of rubbish levels in containers to optimize the trash collection routes.
  8. Smart Roads: Intelligent Highways with warning messages and diversions according to climate conditions and unexpected events like accidents or traffic jams.

Smart Homes

Multiple electric and electronic appliances are combined to a central computer control system so or say sensors in which you’re homes talks to each of the devices with giving you the power to operate, command it remotely with convenience.

Modern Washing Machines

Air-Conditioners

Thermostat

Central heating system

Robotic Vacuum cleaner

Robotic Vacuum cleaner

Below another Image to Help You Illustrate Better on IoT Applications

IoT Devices

IoT Devices

IoT devices are embedded with electronics primary sensors, lot of cool internet connectivity and scalable hardware and software – don’t forget the cloud – Explained Here!  Today lot of things while you pan your eyes are IoT devices. Simple Example is your smartphone.  Consumer connected devices include smart TVs, smart speakers, toys, wearables and smart appliances. Smart meters, commercial security systems and smart city technologies — such as those used to monitor traffic and weather conditions — are examples of industrial and enterprise IoT devices.

Internet of Things (IoT) devices installed base worldwide from 2015 to 2025 (in billions)

Statista
Source: Statista

How Do IoT Devices Work?

As explained, Internet connectivity is pivotal. Though there are other things responsible for seamless operation or workability of IoT devices. Also, devices which are integrated with technology like sensors, functional software, some inbuilt technology which support network connections and also actuators are the foundation of IoT Devices.

Advantages and Disadvantages of IoT Devices

First, The Advantages of IoT Devices

  • IoT encourages the interaction between devices called as a machine to machine interaction.
  • It provides good automation and control.
  • Integrated with more technical information, so it is better to operate.
  • IoT possesses strong monitoring feature.
  • It saves a lot of time.

Now, The Disadvantages of IoT Devices

  • Internet of Things devices does not have any international compatibility standard.
  • IoT devices can be highly complex resulting failure
  • Internet of Things devices can be prone to privacy and security breach.
  • IoT devices mitigates safety for users.
  • Reduction in the employment of manual tasks thus resulting in job reductions.

 IoT Definition

The way internet will shape or embedded technologies will emerge can be IoT definition in coming time. Presently, the must-awaiting 5G and LTE devices emerging new dimension and speed are defining IoT. IoT is simply the network of interconnected things/devices which are embedded with sensors, software, network connectivity and necessary electronics that enables them to collect and exchange data making them responsive. More than a concept Internet of Things is essentially an architectural framework which allows integration and data exchange between the physical world and computer systems over existing network infrastructure. Connected or “smart” devices — as “things” in the IoT are often called — have the ability to gather and share data from their environments with other devices and networks. Through the analysis and processing of the data, devices can perform their functions with little or no need for human interaction.

IoT Architectures

IoT Architectures are the building block of modern IoT innovation and solution. IIot Architectures are be well processes to create connected software/hardware architecture further, the practical application of its 4 stages contains too many nuances and aspects to be described. Hence, expert’s guidance and specialists are needed during IoT architectures. The below image shall help you have an better idea of IoT architectures:

IoT Architecture

In simple terms, our IoT architecture contains the following components:

  • Things equipped with sensors to gather data and actuators to perform commands received from the cloud.
  • Gateways for data filtering, preprocessing and moving it to the cloud and vice versa, – receiving commands from the cloud.
  • Cloud gateways to ensure data transition between field gateways and central IoT servers.
  • Streaming data processors to distribute the data coming from sensors among relevant IoT solution’s components.
  • Data lake for storing all the data of defined and undefined value.
  • Big data warehouse for collecting valuable data.
  • Control applications to send commands to actuators.
  • Machine learning to generate the models which are then used by control applications.
  • User applications to enable users to monitor control their connected things.
  • Data analytics for manual data processing.

IIoT(Industrial Internet of Things)

IoT Architecture

To the word suggest, ‘Industrial’ Internet of Things – IIoT is an invariable extension of IoT. IIoT deals with the solemn application of industrial sectors and applications. The IIoT moves beyond the normal consumer devices and internetworking of physical devices usually associated with the IoT. What makes it distinct is the intersection of information technology (IT) and operational technology (OT). The convergence of IT and OT provides industries with greater system integration in terms of automation and optimization, as well as better visibility of the supply chain and logistics. For any business that deals with the production and/or transportation of physical goods, IIoT can create game-changing operational efficiencies and present entirely new business models. The IIoT is integral to how cyber-physical systems and production processes are set to transform with the help of big data and analytics. IIoT implementation looks into three major focus: availability, scalability, and security. Availability and scalability may already be second nature to industrial operations, since they could already have been established or in the business for quite some time. Security, however, is where many can stumble when integrating the IIoT into their operations.
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BiS Team

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