Manufacturers’ Association of Information Technology(MAIT) new active body Digital India Action Group (DIAG) established for ready for action initiatives to support the Indian Government’s mission of Digital India unveils two topical white papers – “IoT for Effective Disaster Management” and “Aadhaar Enablement: A Framework for Citizen-Centric Services“.
The white papers were unveiled by Hon’ble Minister of State for Home Affairs, Govt. of India, Shri Kiren Rijiju and Ms Debjani Ghosh, President, MAIT. Also present on the occasion were senior Government of India officers Dr. V K Saraswat, Member, NITI Aayog; Mr R K Jain, Member Secretary, NDMA; Ms S Radha Chauhan, President & CEO, NeGD, and Mr Ameya Abhyankar, Director-IT & Secretary to CM, Govt. of Goa as well as leadership teams from MAIT and the IT industry.
The first white paper aims to create awareness and appreciation about the potential use and applications of IoT for different aspects of disaster management. Whereas, the second white paper outlines how deploying an Aadhaar authentication framework, using a facility like e-Sign, governments can move towards a phased improvement in administrative processes, residents’ experience of public service delivery and achievement of larger human development objectives.
Launching the white papers, Shri Kiren Rijiju, Hon’ble Minister of State for Home Affairs, Govt. of India said, “Information Technology has played a key role in changing the face of our country and noteworthy initiatives like Digital India are encouraging us to push the boundaries of innovation. I am happy that industry bodies such as MAIT have taken the lead in helping the government devise proactive policies and plans, and suggest ways to most effectively deploy Information and Communication Technologies to mitigate the effects of disasters and improve effectiveness of service delivery for the government’s social welfare schemes.”
Ms Debjani Ghosh, President, MAIT said, “For the Digital India vision to be successfully realized, it is crucial that we recognize and leverage the potential of emerging technologies such as IoT in disaster management, so as to avoid or minimize the negative impacts of unforeseen events on citizen lives and the economy. IoT is equally relevant for public transportation, government supply chain management, and centrally-managed citizen information repositories such as the one created for Aadhaar, where connected devices can enable efficient, timely and targeted delivery of government healthcare and educational services to citizens.”
“By seamlessly integrating cloud, analytics, and mobility solutions with IoT deployments and the Aadhaar database, the ICT industry can play the role of a trusted partner to the government in achieving the country’s developmental goals,” Ms Ghosh concluded.
Key Nuggets of IoT White Paper
Impact of Disasters: Some Salient Highlights about India
- 57% land area of India is vulnerable to earthquakes. Of these, 12% is vulnerable to severe earthquakes.
- 68% land is vulnerable to drought.
- 12% land is vulnerable to floods.
- 8% land is vulnerable to cyclones.
- Many cities in India are also vulnerable to chemical, industrial and other man-made disasters.
Benefits of IoT in Disaster Management
- Agencies gain a clear picture of operations with real-time visibility of data.
- Agencies can model data from multiple sources, transform it into accessible, actionable intelligence for faster, better-informed decisions.
- Create a single, federated information hub.
- Build and information back-bone which all parties – government agencies, NGOs, infrastructure operators and community – can contribute to and work from.
- Increase collaboration and interoperability.
- Gain by accessing cutting-edge technology – Big Data, Cloud Computing, mobile technologies and intuitive analytics to streamline and optimize all emergency management processes.
Recommendations: “The MAIT DIAG Seven-Point Action Plan”
DAIG recommend that the various issues and challenges highlighted above can be addressed through the following ‘Seven-Point Action Plan’:
- Release of cloud security and related guidelines as part of the ‘Digital India’ policy framework.
- Inclusion of ICT in Disaster Management in the National Skills Development Framework and Plan.
- Release of IoT Policy for India.
- Development of framework for continuous industry participation in planning for disaster management.
- Back-end applications for asset management with disaster management authorities.
- Knowledge portal for sharing experiences and best practices.
- A comprehensive plan for prevention of cyber disasters.
According to the MAIT DIAG White Paper, Aadhaar generation in the country has crossed 99 crore, which covers 83% of the entire population of the country and more than 95% of the adult population.
Highlights of the Aadhaar Enablement White Paper
Viewed in the context of Aadhaar, the improved connectivity for citizens in all four corners of the country arising out of programs such as Digital India, alternative authentication mechanisms such as the use of Smart Cards have been clearly disrupted.
Characteristics of Aadhaar-Enabled Citizen Services
Aadhaar-enablement allows for:
- Tracking the service delivery process end-to-end,
- Demand driven, portable service delivery,
- Access to relevant MIS and empowerment of the beneficiary, and
- Improved Accountability and Vigilance.
Aadhaar can play a role in supporting service delivery implementation, improving efficiency and effectiveness with interventions at each stage of the lifecycle:
b) Application Submission,
c) Eligibility Check,
d) Service Delivery and
e) Legacy Data/System Re-engineering.
Figure 1. Key Benefits of Aadhaar-Enablement of Government Schemes
Aadhaar Benefits to User Organizations – Government/Public/Private/Social Sector
Aadhaar allows multi-faceted benefits to user organisations:
a) Aadhaar serves as a Proof of Identity/Proof of Address (PoI/PoA) thereby enhancing inclusion;
b) Aadhaar as a financial address enables Direct Benefits Transfer (DBT);
c) Aadhaar as eKYC serves as a paperless KYC enabler, and
d) Aadhaar reduces leakages in subsidies and payments due to elimination of duplicates, fakes and ghosts.
The last benefit listed above would be a direct factor of Aadhaar penetration among the base of beneficiaries for a given scheme, that is, highest possible effectiveness would only occur when all target beneficiaries for a given scheme have Aadhaar.