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Active & Passive Components in 2022 – The Indian Scenario

Classified in terms of their performance and functionalities, electronics components can be further categorized under the names Active and Passive Electronic Components.

Active and Passive ComponentsPowering an electronic system with its simple functionalities, electronics components play a key role in designing an electronic device.

Termed as the building blocks of every digital device, the market for electronics components has shown exponential growth in the last few years.

Despite the setback of pandemic lockdown that resulted in creating a big gap in the supply chain of these components, the manufacturing of these electronics components is surging again with new vigor.

Classified in terms of their performance and functionalities, electronics components can be further categorized under the names Active and Passive Electronic Components.

Covering a wide range of components under its stead and before exploring in-depth What are Active and Passive Electronic Components all about, we must understand that these components come in various sizes and shapes to make up the requirements of a device.

Nevertheless, before understanding the basic scenario of the Active and Passive Electronic Components Market, we must familiarize ourselves with some basic knowledge of What are Active and Passive Electronic Components and what separates them in general.

General Ideas about Active and Passive Electronic Components

ComponentsAs the name suggests, Active components are a part of an electronic device that supplies energy to a circuit.

Citing some of the most popular examples of active components include:

  • Voltage sources
  • Generators (Alternators and DC generators)
  • All transistors (Bipolar junction transistors, MOSFETS, FETs, and JFET)
  • Current sources
  • Diodes (Zener diodes, Photodiodes, Schottky diodes, and LEDs)

On the other hand, a Passive component is an electronic component that can only receive energy, which can either dissipate, absorb or can store in an electric field or a magnetic field.

Unlike Active components, Passive elements do not require any form of electrical power to operate.

According to its name, passive elements do not provide gain or amplification. And can neither amplify nor oscillate nor can generate an electrical signal.

Differences Between Active and Passive Electronic Components

Recounting some of the most basic differences between Active and Passive Electronic Components, active elements can inject power into a circuit and can electrically control and amplify the flow of electrical current, whereas passive ones cannot.

Different from active components, passive components can either consume or store energy.

One of the simplest ways to test whether a component is active or not is to measure the difference between its input and output signals.

If we see a decline in power, the component is passive but if the signal is amplified, it is an active one.

Active components require an external source for the operations, unlike passive ones.

Global Standing of Active and Passive Electronic Components Market

Active and PassiveAccording to the Global Active and Passive Electronic Components Market, the rapidly growing demand for consumer electronics devices, like smartphones and laptops, is becoming a major factor that is driving the market to new heights.

With active components utilized widely in telecom equipment, the increasing demand for high bandwidth with low latency has enabled telecom operators to deploy next-generation 5G network infrastructure.

This will augment further demand for new IT and telecom equipment, thereby increasing product adoption.

Passive components, on the other hand, are booing miraculously in the automotive sector as demand for features like navigation and monitoring devices are increasing day by day which are mainly designed with passive components.

Active and Passive Electronic Components Market has now integrated itself in multiple fields like defense, telecom, automotive, and consumer electronics and its applications range from intelligence gathering, navigation, and communication.

With IoT and its devices dominating the core of electronics systems and devices, usage of Electronic Components is also showing its true colors as more novel ways of design and structure are flooding the consumer electronics market to give a competitive streak.

India’s Stance on Active and Passive Electronics Market

Since India is focusing more on the manufacturing aspects of the electronics industry, the country can be said to be holding a 3 percent share of the worldwide production of electronics.

Aimed to become a global manufacturing hub for electronics and electrical components, the government of India has now taken the helm of setting up multiple Semiconductor fabs in India and has also issued Expression of Interest (EoI) and Request for Quotation (RFQ) from global giants to speed up the facility launch in India.

In the current scenario, India possesses the capability of manufacturing some of the basic components that are required for the manufacture of electronics products like Active and Passive Electronic Components.

However, when it comes to semiconductor chips of higher complexity and capabilities, India does not have enough R&D facilities or the basic infrastructure to manufacture them except for the strategic requirements.

As of now, India imports about 50% of its components demand from foreign countries.

However, the situation might change in the next few years if the government further promotes the launch of manufacturing facilities with ease in FDI investment policies.


Aishwarya Saxena

A book geek, with creative mind, an electronics degree, and zealous for writing.Creativity is the one thing in her opinion which drove her to enter into editing field. Allured towards south Indian cuisine and culture, love to discover new cultures and their customs. Relishes in discovering new music genres.

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