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Introducing Arduino Family-What, Why and How?

Talking about any engineering student or professional, one must be familiar with the platform Arduino.

Arduino Hardware and SoftwareMaking a simple electronic project without diving deeper into its complexity is increasingly becoming popular as more and more engineers in making as well as hobbyists are enthusiastic to make their innovations.

This trend of developing electronics projects at home with easily available tools and components is adding another feather to develop the minds of young enthusiasts.

Talking about any engineering student or professional, one must be familiar with the platform Arduino. The name has slowly become a buzzword among electronics students lately.

So, What is Arduino?

Well, to answer this query, we must understand that in earlier times, working with electronics required a strong understanding of physics, mathematics and other related concepts.

However, as the technology advanced, many tools and equipment have come forward to make electronics working models easy to assemble and develop which do not require in-depth knowledge of its assembly.

That is how Arduino Hardware and Software allowed anyone to build electronic devices that interact with the real world.

To give everyone a clearer picture of What is Arduino Hardware and Software, we are going to discuss the types and applications of Arduino in detail.

Introducing Arduino-What is it?

UNO In simple terms, Arduino is referred to as an open-source electronics platform that is based on easy-to-use hardware and software.

This Arduino board enables to read inputs, light on a sensor, or can even send a Twitter message and turn it into an output.

Represented as the brain of thousands of numerous projects, Arduino can be used from everyday objects to complex scientific instruments.

Developed at Ivrea Interaction Design Institute as an easy tool for fast prototyping, Arduino Hardware and Software has been aimed at students without much background in electronics and programming.

To spread its branches to a wider community, Arduino Hardware and Software has differentiated into multiple types to adapt to new needs and challenges from simple 8-bit boards to products for IoT applications like wearable products, 3D printing and even for embedded environments.

Why do We Need Arduino Hardware and Software?

ArduinoIn a nutshell, all Arduino boards have one thing in common which is a microcontroller. With the Arduino Hardware and Software, one can design and build electronic devices that can interact with one’s surroundings and is a tool for controlling electronics.

Due to Arduino Hardware and Software flexibility and low cost, it has become a very popular choice for engineers to create interactive hardware projects.

For communication or programming purposes, engineers use a USB to TTL converter, which will be embedded within the Arduino board.

Users can easily feed a program with a set of instructions to the Arduino Hardware and Software to carry out simple to complex tasks.

Instead of using separate hardware to load the code onto the board in traditional programmable circuit boards, the Arduino board eliminates the need for hardware while using a simple USB cable to load code onto the Arduino board.

Arduino’s software is known as Arduino IDE.

Popular Arduino Types

Compiling a list of popular types of boards according to design specifications, the name includes,

Arduino UNO

One of the most commonly used prototyping boards suitable for beginners, UNO is equipped with an ATmega328P microcontroller. Consisting of two variants, one has a through-hole microcontroller connection while the other has a surface mount type.

Arduino Micro

Arduino Micro has an ATmega32U4-based microcontroller having 20 sets of pins, 7 of which are for PWM, with 12 analog input pins. This board also comes with an ICSP header, small USB connection, RST button and 16-MHz crystal oscillator.

Arduino Lilypad

Designed as an e-textile technology, this Arduino Hardware and Software contains substantial connecting pads, having a smooth back that we can sew into clothing using conductive thread. This Arduino contains I/O, power, and sensor boards.

Arduino Nano

This Arduino board comes with 8 analog pins, 14 digital pins and an I/O pin along with 6 power pins & 2 RST (reset) pins.

Unlike UNO, Arduino Nano is based on ATmega328P and ATmega628 microcontrollers.

Arduino Leonardo

Introduced as the first development board with one microcontroller and a USB, this board is one of the most cost-effective types of Arduino board, which makes it extremely suitable for novices.

Use Cases of Arduino Hardware and Software Boards

SoftwareListing some of the trending applications of Arduino Hardware and Software Boards include,

  • Networking
  • Audio
  • Robotics
  • Designing Tools
  • Building IoT Devices Modules (GPS) and many more.


Aishwarya Saxena

A book geek, with creative mind, an electronics degree, and zealous for writing.Creativity is the one thing in her opinion which drove her to enter into editing field. Allured towards south Indian cuisine and culture, love to discover new cultures and their customs. Relishes in discovering new music genres.

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